Principles of Violin Playing (VIII)

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5.1.3.Points on playing chromatic scales

1.5.1.3.sometimes, a player, due to different reasons, may decisively want to play continuously two notes with a half-step by means of the same finger, in such a case, it’s necessary to open the interior curve of the finger like a spring. Naturally coming back, the curve of finger should be closed and the finger should become curved shape again (see paragraph 3.1.2.1).

Just like playing Fa-natural immediately after playing Mi-natural by forth finger, at Do major scale and first position of the second string.

2.5.1.3. Considering the way of playing this scale and using the same finger continuously for playing interval, beware not to apply extra vertical force on fingerboard by your fingers.
Because, the more is the applied force on the fingerboard by fingers, the more difficult it would be to open or close the interior curve of fingers and consequently the performance speed would decrease.
In such a case, in order to play the interval, the player inevitably needs to move her hand’s position forward or backward, and the role of finger gets weaker.

3.5.1.3. When changing the position or shape of finger for playing the interval of chromatic scales, player should avoid changing the position of left thumb.

Also playing the chromatic scale, sometimes the player may mistakenly flex the part of palm that is joined thumb. The player should avoid such a flex that may cause her feel cramps in her hand.

4.5.1.3. Since playing chromatic step always involves shifting fingers, it is necessary to be careful about playing the exact tempo (see notification 15).

Pattern number 4/1

Playing the doubles

There are some points that must be considered when playing doubles of the notes. They must be practiced step by step so that you find mastery over these doubles.

1.1.4. The first point is to be skilled at bowing on two open strings simultaneously and creating harmonious and perfect sound with the instrument. Hence, the practice of playing the double of open strings can be performed for the independent right and left bows that are played thoroughly (from frog to point).

Here, acquiring dominance and skill at creating perfect and harmonious sound with bow is achieved by practicing in a slow tempo. (such as playing three Whole note play on open string doubles at tempo 60 Bpm during a whole bow length).

Notification 18: the technique of bowing for playing doubles by right hand and the direction of different parts of right hand to each other and to body will be discussed later in the section on the techniques of right hand. Here, from now on, we only discuss the points related to left hand.

2.1.4. The next point is to find mastery over playing a double involving a finger and the neighboring open string. In fact, this is at this state that left hand makes its first attempt at playing the double.

To do this, the player should place each of the fingers at different distances from the nut(for playing different intervals) and practice double finger placing with the neighboring open string. It should be mentioned that here it is also needed to practice at slow tempo and with separate bows for each double.


Fourth finger at its natural state and with curved shape

Forth finger with opened curve and being straightened for

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Developments in Iranian Music Since Qajar Era

At the end of the Qajar era and as Iran entered the power transition period, known as the constitutional era, the Iranian music went through a lot of changes. These changes gained momentum as the students and followers of Ali Naqi Vaziri’s entered the musical scene. These changes greatly influenced designs of instruments, playing methods, singing, composing, etc.

Harmony in the Iranian Music (II)

One of his works was the translation of Harmony, which was carried out with the help of Mozayyan al-Dowleh, and included a pamphlet based on which he used to teach the subject to the students of the school of music; the pamphlet was never published. It was, in fact, a kind of simple harmony for the piano with no quadriads, it rather featured the engagement of both the right hand and the left hand which was being taught at the music school for the first time. Salar-Mo’azez also composed military marches and hymns for schools, which he harmonized to be performed and piano. Likewise, he used to compose for military orchestras.

From Past Days…

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New Technique for Playing Classical Guitar (I)

Joint application of the two techniques of “Lip” and “Nose” could be effectively applied for hearing and playing far-away intervals, by the Classical Guitar. Before this, a Classical Guitar player had to waive playing intervals not possible with the left hand, and had to replace or eliminate some notes, making it possible to play such intervals; specifically the capability of the left hand of the musician, was also a factor in such a selection. These methods are hereby illustrated by photographs and a video-file, in order to provide optimum comprehension of applying these methods, invented by the author; specifically the “Lip” technique, which is considered to be a more significant technique, emphasized by the author.

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Women Musicians in Large Iranian Orchestras

It is more than a century now that the sociologists consider the presence of women in different social domains as a benchmark for a society’s progress. They analyze the presence of women in society by the means of available statistics. Unfortunately, as with regard to the Iranian society, statistics related to women’s engagement, has not been available to the researchers, if they existed at all.

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Layla Ramezan, Iranian Pianist

Iranian pianist Layla Ramezan has always sought to create a connection between her Persian origin and the contemporary music which she encounters daily. Sound, phrasing, a particular sense of rhythm and a refined understanding of the “time of musical development” are the foremost qualities of her interpretations. Her musical and pianistic education began in Tehran at the age of 8 with Mostafa-Kamal Poortorab. Having moved to Paris and received a scholarship from Albert Roussel Foundation, she integrated the classes of Jean Micault and Devi Erlih at the Ecole Normale de Musique de Paris Alfred Cortot, where she received a Diplôme de Virtuosité in piano performance and chamber music.

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Music as an art has its own special history; emergence of a singer, of an instrumentalist and then the emergence of the strong character of a composer covers three significant phases of the art of music. With the emergence of composer which was simultaneous with the emergence of the language of music, this art managed to offer a domain for criticism for its composer; a procedure which led to a magnificent variety and evolution in musical production. Even though the conflicts between singers and instrumentalists have not met their end in the Iranian society and while singers can achieve high, instrumentalists have yet to play behind curtains . In a special era, with the efforts of musicians such as Ali Naghi Vaziri (1887-1979) and Rouhollah Khaleghi (1906-1965), glimmers of a composing era started to glow bearing fruit in Khaleghi’s achievement as Iran’s first professional composer. Khaleghi made his reputation as a composer while Vaziri deserved to pioneer this path. By then Vaziri was well-known as a Tar player.

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Iranian Contradictions: Iranian Chords

Finding a way to harmonize the Iranian music has been the subject of controversy among Iranian musicians for a long time. Some believe in the creation of harmonies for Iranian music based on a method which is similar to the tierce harmony; while others have either selected or invented some other methods. There are also some musicians who do not basically agree with the harmonization of the Iranian music.

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The First Saba Student Music Festival Concluded in Tehran

Preparations for Saba Student Music Festival started in the summer of 2016; the Student Music Festival will be held annually by the students of music at Arts University. The first part of the closing ceremony of the Festival was dedicated to the celebration of the life, work and strives by Maestro Hossein Dehlavi to upgrade the level of music as an academic discipline. The name of the award-winning students and ensembles were announced at the second part of the ceremony.

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Kayvan Mirhadi and O.R.P Qaurtet

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Call for papers SIMF 1396

The Association of Iranian Contemporary Music Composers (ACIMC) and SHAHREAFTAB Art & Cultural Association are pleased to announce a call for papers for SIMF 1396.

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Tehran Flute Choir Established

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Ali Rahbari & Recording Iranian Symphonic Compositions

In the few days prior to the New Iranian year (March 2015), the news of the revival of Tehran Symphony Orchestra under Ali (Alexander) Rahbari’s conductorship was announced. Ali Rahbari, who served as assistant to Herbert von Karajan in Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra at a very young age, was also invited to conduct Tehran Symphony Orchestra in 2005; however, the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s government put an end to his collaboration with this Orchestra. Recently, it was announced that Rahbari is invited to conduct an orchestra in the U.S.